CentOS6开机脚本,优化多种功能

CentOS6开机脚本,优化多种功能

* 来源: * 作者: * 发表时间: 2021-02-01 16:59:25 * 浏览: 0

CentOS6开机脚本,优化多种功能。CentOS 已经发布了6.2版了,现在已经可以用在生产环境了,新版本的内核也能更好的利用硬件。
写了一个脚本,用来初始化系统环境,现在分享出来,你可以根据自己的需要,对脚本进行相应的修改。

脚本的内容如下:#!/bin/bash

#author suzezhi

#this script is only for CentOS 6

#check the OS

platform=`uname -i`

if [ $platform != "x86_64" ];then

echo "this script is only for 64bit Operating System !"

exit 1

fi

echo "the platform is ok"

version=`lsb_release -r |awk '{print substr($2,1,1)}'`

if [ $version != 6 ];then

echo "this script is only for CentOS 6 !"

exit 1

fi

 

cat << EOF

+---------------------------------------+

|   your system is CentOS 6 x86_64      |

|        start optimizing.......                   |

+---------------------------------------

EOF

 

#make the 163.com as the default yum repo

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup

wget [url]http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo[/url] -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

 

#add the third-party repo

#add the epel

rpm -Uvh [url]http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm[/url]

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6

#add the rpmforge

rpm -Uvh [url]http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm[/url]

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-rpmforge-dag

 

#update the system and set the ntp

yum clean all

yum install kernel-devel kernel-headers && echo exclude=kernel* >> /etc/yum.conf

yum -y update glibc\*

yum -y update yum\* rpm\* python\*

yum -y update

yum -y install ntp

echo "* 4 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1" >> /var/spool/cron/root

service crond restart

 

#set the file limit

echo "ulimit -SHn 102400" >> /etc/rc.local

cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf << EOF

*           soft   nofile       65535

*           hard   nofile       65535

EOF

 

#set the control-alt-delete to guard against the misuse

sed -i 's#exec /sbin/shutdown -r now#\#exec /sbin/shutdown -r now#' /etc/init/control-alt-delete.conf

 

#disable selinux

sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config

 

#set ssh

sed -i 's/^GSSAPIAuthentication yes$/GSSAPIAuthentication no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sed -i 's/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

service sshd restart

 

#tune kernel parametres

cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf << EOF

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200

net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0

net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

net.core.rmem_max = 16777216

net.core.wmem_max = 16777216

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144

net.core.somaxconn = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144

net.core.wmem_default = 8388608

net.core.rmem_default = 8388608

EOF

/sbin/sysctl -p

 

#define the backspace button can erase the last character typed

echo 'stty erase ^H' >> /etc/profile

 

echo "syntax on" >> /root/.vimrc

 

#stop some crontab

mkdir /etc/cron.daily.bak

mv /etc/cron.daily/makewhatis.cron /etc/cron.daily.bak

mv /etc/cron.daily/mlocate.cron /etc/cron.daily.bak

 

chkconfig bluetooth off

chkconfig cups off

chkconfig ip6tables off

 

 

#disable the ipv6

cat > /etc/modprobe.d/ipv6.conf << EOFI

alias net-pf-10 off

options ipv6 disable=1

EOFI

 

echo "NETWORKING_IPV6=off" >> /etc/sysconfig/network

cat << EOF

+-------------------------------------------------+

|               optimizer is done                               |

|   it's recommond to restart this server !             |

+-------------------------------------------------+

EOF
复制代码对脚本的内容做一下说明(给不太熟悉的哥们扫扫盲,高手直接绕开就行):
1.先对系统进行判断,如果是Cent OS 64位,就继续运行。
2.先将系统的安装源设置为网易的(网易的安装源算是国内比较稳定的)
3.安装epel的源和rpmforge的源,利用第三方的源来让yum安装起来更方便
4.更新软件
5.设置为每天凌晨四点进行时间同步(跟国家授时中心的服务器进行时间同步)
6.将系统同时打开的文件个数增大
7.将ctrl alt delete键进行屏蔽,防止误操作的时候服务器重启
8.关闭selinux
9,禁用GSSAPI来认证,也禁用DNS反向解析,加快SSH登陆速度
10.优化一些内核参数
11.调整删除字符的按键为backspace(某些系统默认是delete)
12.打开vim的语法高亮
13.取消生成whatis数据库和locate数据库
14.关闭没用的服务
15.关闭IPv6